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First Aid for Your Child: Bleeding




First Aid for Your Child: Bleeding


1. Nosebleeds


Nosebleeds usually result from nose picking, blowing hard, violent sneezing, allergies or a problem with a blood vessel in the nose.




•Usually one side of the nose bleeds and sometimes drains to back of the throat making it look like the child is coughing blood


What to Do


•Make your child stand up or sit in an upright position to reduce blood pressure in the nose veins


•Try to make your child breathe through his mouth


•Pinch the tip of the nose with your thumb  and index finger with the head tilted slightly forward towards the chest to avoid blood going back into the throat




•If the amount of blood loss is great or the bleeding lasts for more than 15 to 30 minutes, seek medical care


•Agitation makes the bleeding worse so  keep your child calm


•Never put anything inside the nose


•Avoid letting your child talk


2. Severe Bleeding


What to Do


•Have the injured child lie down. If elevate his legs to increase the blood supply to the brain and reduce the risk of fainting


•If possible, elevate the wounded area as  well


•If there’s a foreign body in a wound, it should be removed immediately


•Apply direct pressure over the wound  with your fingers, preferably over a clean pad. Squeeze edges of a gaping wound together


•Place sterile dressing so it extends  beyond wound and secure firmly with bandage


•If blood is leaking through the bandage, don’t remove but put another dressing on the area


•Seek medical care•


3. Internal Bleeding


What to Do


If you suspect internal bleeding, seek medical care immediately and go to the nearest hospital Signs of internal bleeding may include:


•Bleeding from body cavities (such as the  ears, nose, rectum or vagina)


•Vomiting or coughing up blood


•Bruising on the neck, chest, abdomen or  side (between ribs and hip)


•Abdominal tenderness, which may be  accompanied by rigidity or spasm of abdominal muscles


•Shock, indicated by weakness, anxiety,  thirst, or skin that’s cool to the touch If you have had a serious accident that has caused fractures or wounds that have penetrated the skull, chest or abdomen, seek immediate medical care as internal bleeding may have occurred.


Read also in the First Aid for Your Child series: Allergic Reactions, Burns, Electric Shock, Tooth Loss, Motion Sickness, Heat Exhaustion, Fever, Eye Injury and Choking.

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